A listing of legal cases Mr. Van Bruggen has been involved with follows, grouped by general category or type of involvement in the case. To jump to a particular heading, click on its link below.
Cases with Letters of Reference and Jury Verdicts available online are indicated with this icon:
. Mr. Van Bruggen's C.V. is available here.
XPSWMM model animation of street
Residential and Municipal Storm Drain System Design
A New City Highway Overpass Project Floods Nearby
Businesses After Drainage Patterns and Conveyance Systems Are Modified
– Edmond, British Columbia. A review of the project's design indicates that
the downstream flow conditions were not properly taken into account in the
project's design and allowance for pre-existing backwater conditions was not
made. Client: Whitelaw Twining Law Corp, Vancouver, British Columbia,
Testified in Court Trial on
the Factors Involved in Flooding That Occurred in Downtown Redding,
storm's return frequency, the city storm drain system's design level of
protection, and the impacts of watershed development were all discussed as
they related to the level of flooding experienced at a downtown apartment
complex. Client: McNeill Law Offices, Redding, California.
Witness on behalf of plaintiffs in class action law suit regarding two
storm events and city-wide flooding - Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
Evaluation of city flood control standards and conformance to FEMA National
Flood Insurance Program were evaluated. XPSWMM model of entire municipal
storm drain system utilized to determine potential causes of flooding.
Client: Johnson, Heidepriem & Abdallah LLP, Sioux Falls, South Dakota.
Expert Witness on Behalf of the
City Defendant in Regard to the Flooding of a Beachside Condominium Complex,
Long Beach, California – At
issue were the storm’sreturn period frequency, the design capacity
of the storm drain system, and the possible clogging of the drainage
system’s Automatic Retractable Screen (ARS) system for the removal of trash
from the curb and gutter storm drain inlets. Client: Law Firm of Walsh,
McKean & Furcolo, San Diego, California.
Jury Trial Testimony Regarding Flood Damage Caused by a Utility System
Repair Project, Diablo, California –
An East Bay Municipal Water District (EBMUD) pipe repair project resulted in
imperceptible changes to roadway drainage patterns, causing street runoff to
spill onto a residential property. Client:
Law Offices of John Fitzpatrick Vannucci , San Francisco, California.
New Years flood of 2005,
Ross Valley, San Anselmo Creek - Marin County, California. The hydraulic
impacts of 17 bridges and channel infringements along San Anselmo and Ross
Creeks was determined using HEC-RAS. The individual and cumulative effects
of the structures were quantified for the clients in this class action law
suit. Client: Bourhis & Mann, San Francisco, California.
Industrial Park Design
and Construction Evaluated to Determine Possible Contributions to
Neighboring Residential Subdivision's Flooding, Reno, Nevada. Possible
design defects, permitting oversights and construction variances in project
drainage design were investigated in complex litigation matter. Client:
Lemons, Grundy & Eisenberg, Reno, Nevada.
Historical Review of
Series of open channel, piping and culvert changes done to a storm drain
system over the years, and their cumulative effect in increasing upstream
flooding, Oceano, San Luis Obispo County, California. Hydraulics
of system was modeled, historical storm frequency analysis was conducted,
and contributory effects of drainage system changes by the city, county,
state, railroad and farming entities involved were estimated to assist in
apportionment of costs of mitigation measures to each party Client: Minehan,
McFaul & McLinn, Santa Barbara, CA .
Testified on the Design
and Maintenance of a City Owned Storm Drain System Being a Leading Factor In
The Cause of a Landslide, Santa Rosa, California. Gaps in a storm drain
system that was below the standard of care, for both engineering design and
maintenance, spilled onto a steep slope over an extended time. The
subsequent landslide destroyed two down slope homes and severely injured
residents. Client: Abbey, Weisenberg, Warren & Emery, Santa Rosa, CA.
Provided Testimony in
Jury Trial on Evaluation of Municipal Storm Drain System Improvements,
Cumberland, Maryland. Established design factors of a storm drain system
improvement project which induced greater flooding of downstream residents
than would have occurred prior to its completion. Client: Levasseur and
Buckel, Cumberland, MD. Jury Verdict available here:
City and State Storm
Drain System and Stream Channel Design, Honolulu, Hawaii. The recurrent
and increasingly frequent flooding of city streets and an industrial park
built on subsiding fill material was investigated. Sources of flooding were
from adjacent stream channel and the incursion of tidal waters up into the
regional storm drain system. Client: City and County of Honolulu, Honolulu,
Hydraulic Evaluation of
the Effects of Construction Variances from Original Project Plans,
Atlanta, Georgia. Detailed SWMM hydraulic model was developed to determine
if the as-built variances in the construction of an apartment complex were a
factor in the flood damages experienced at the project. Client: Law Offices
of Hall, Booth, Smith & Slover, Atlanta, GA.
Provided Testimony To
Jury Regarding Meteorologic Evaluation of Flood Event, Novato,
California.Acted as expert witness for developer faced with
litigation for flooding damages occurring to condominium complex adjacent to
Novato Creek in January 1980. Evaluated meteorology and hydrology of flood
and determined frequency of occurrence of event. Client: Young America
Homes, Concord, California.
Testimony in Evaluation of City Storm Drain System's Role in Repeated
Flooding of Neighborhood, San Diego, California. Conducted a
presentation illustrating the hydraulic effects of a major storm drain
improvement project in aggravating the flood of an adjacent neighborhood.
Client: Law Offices of Donald Whitson, San Diego, CA.
Jury Trial Testimony on
the Hydrologic Impacts of a Residential Landscape Project, Danville,
CA. The combined impacts of a landscaping and construction project on a
downstream neighbors drainage patterns and flooding potential were evaluated
and summarized for the jury. Client: John Cowperthwaite, Law Offices of
Bennett, Samuelsen, Reynolds & Allard, Oakland, CA. Reference letter
Evaluation of Flood
Potential along Unfinished Reach of Municipal Storm Drain System,
Concord, California. Statistical analysis of flood events, historical review
of floods and recommended flood control alternatives and review of the civil
engineering standards of care for storm drain system design. Client: Law
Offices of Anthony W. Hawthorne, Walnut Creek, CA.
Provided in the Defense of Subdivision Stormwater Design, Roseville,
California. A portion of the subdivision was inundated during the January
10, 1995 Roseville flood event. In defense of the designing Civil Engineer,
a review of the design hydrology and hydraulics was conducted. The storm
event was also characterized as being a greater than 1,000-year event for
the city of Roseville, and beyond the required 100-year design level of the
subdivision's stormwater conveyance system. Client: Law Office of Greve,
Clifford, Wengel & Paras, Sacramento, CA.
Evaluation of Municipal
Storm Drain System Design, Hilo, Hawaii. Engineered ditch and culvert
system design was evaluated in relation to 100-year frequency historic
rainfall event and adherence to City Hydrology and Drainage Standards.
Client: Mr. Michael Moore, Law Firm of Tsukazaki, Yeh & Moore, Hilo, HI.
State and City Storm
Drain System Design Evaluation, Richmond, California. A historical
review of the progressive design and construction of a storm drain system
and its flooding occurrences. The designs of system components by various
agencies and contracted engineering firms were evaluated for effectiveness
and Standard of Care. Client: California Department of Transportation Legal
Department, San Francisco, CA.
Review of Subdivision
Drainage System Design, Paso Robles, California. Evaluation of the
design and construction of a municipal storm drain system and its adherence
to the City's Hydrology and Drainage Standards. Client: Law Offices of
Borton, Petrini & Conron, San Luis Obispo, CA.
Support To Determine The Effects Of Commercial Development On The Flooding
Of Upstream Properties, Tolucay Creek, City of Napa, California.
Conducted review of construction plans, design hydrology and hydraulic
modeling of existing vs. Pre-project conditions to determine if the project
has increased the frequency and depth of flooding of adjacent properties.
Client: Law Offices of Smith, Merril & Peffer, San Ramon, CA.
Expert Witness to
Determine Causes of Flooding, Mount Hood Creek, Sonoma County,
California. Conducted meteorologic and hydraulic investigation involving
recreation of January 1995 flooding event and HEC-2 modeling. Determined
upstream causes of flooding in defense of landowner faced with litigation
over inundation of adjacent properties. Client: O'Brien, Watters, Davis &
McCullough, Santa Rosa, California.
Road and Highway Drainage Design (Wrongful Death /
Provided in Jury Trial on Whether Highway Drainage Conditions May Have Led
to Fatal Auto Accident, Stockton, California. Highway drainage plans and
high resolution laser survey of highway road surface were analyzed in
connection with storm event rainfall data, indicating that the roadway had
no anomalies or sheet flow conditions that could have created a potential
for hydroplaning of the vehicle. No Dangerous Condition of the state highway
was found to exist, 12-0, by the jury in the case. Client: CalTrans Legal
Division, San Francisco, CA.
Jury Verdict available here:
of Roadway Drainage Patterns Presented to Jury as Part of Testimony on the
Cause of a Fatal Mudslide,
Mill Valley, California. The hydrology and hydraulics of how a section of
roadway drained throughout a winter season were modeled, and the results
graphically illustrated in 3-Dimensional space, as part of a PowerPoint
presentation on the contributing factors leading to the mudslide. Client:
Law Firm of Bradley, Curley, Asiano, Barrabee & Gale, Larkspur, CA.
Surface Analyzed to Identify Possible Anomalies That Might Create Hydroplane
Conditions, Los Angeles, California. Detailed laser survey of highway
surface utilized to develop model of drainage patterns of sheet flows across
freeway lanes. Client: California Department of Transportation Legal
Department, Los Angeles, CA.
Highway Culvert System
Design Review, Oahu, Hawaii. Meteorologic evaluation of storm event,
and hydrologic and hydraulic modeling of state highway drainage system,
cited as cause of hydroplane accident. Client: Law Offices of Ian Mattoch,
Evaluation of Interstate
Highway Stream Crossing and Debris Control Structure for Role in Fatal
Overturn Accident, Vancouver, Washington. Design, Maintenance and
Operation of debris rack structure reviewed, as per state DOT and FHWA
design standards, .to establish cause of hydraulic piping of water along the
culvert, resulting in flooding of the highway. Client: Martin, Bischoff,
Templeton, Langslet & Hoffman, Portland, OR.
into the source of water in City/County right-of-way, claimed to be a factor
in a fatal CHP motorcycle accident, Riverside, California. History of
various roadway design changes, and their effects on the hydraulics of curb
and gutter system drainage system was developed. Law Firm of Rinos and
Provided Testimony in
Judge Trial Regarding CalTrans Culvert Design, Malibu California. Case
involved the placement, design and maintenance of a culvert under Pacific
Coast Highway and the issues of CalTrans' adherence to their own engineering
standards and the resultant erosion damages to the ocean bluff, downstream.
Client: Allen Matkins Leck Gamble & Mallory, Los Angeles, CA.
Testimony To Jury In Connection With State Highway System Design,
Alameda County, California. Acted as expert witness for the State of
California regarding a motorcycle accident and wrongful death suit on a
Northern California highway. Testimony involved the need, purpose and
appropriateness of certain design aspects of highway median drainage
features. Client: California Department of Transportation Legal Department,
San Francisco CA. Reference letter available here:
Testimony To Judge In Defense of State Highway System Design, Salinas
River, Monterey County, California. Acted as expert witness in inverse
condemnation trial regarding the flooding of agricultural lands adjacent to
state highway embankment during the January 1995 Salinas River floods. Storm
and flood event frequency was established and highway design was evaluated
for adequacy in providing drainage relief. Client: California Department of
Transportation Legal Department, San Francisco CA.
Testimony To Jury In Connection With State Highway System Design, Orange
County, California. Acted as expert witness for accident victims involved in
hydroplane accident on southern California highway. Testimony involved the
standard of care employed in the design of highway drainage features.
Client: Law Offices of Rose, Klein & Marias, Santa Ana, CA. Jury
Verdict available here:
Testimony Given In Judge Trial Regarding State Highway Drainage Design in
Conjunction with Wrongful Death Suit, Hilo, Hawaii. Evaluated as-built
design and construction of a section of highway where sheet flows and
hydroplane conditions were alleged to resulted in a fatal car accident. Client: Law Offices of
Ms. Joy San Buenaventura Hutson, Hilo, HI.
Eminent Domain Jury Trial Over Farmland Condemnation for State Highway
Project, Monterey County, California
– At issue was the alleged
diminution in value of farmland due to drainage deficiencies in the
project’s design and non-mitigated drainage impacts. Client: CalTrans Legal
Division, San Francisco, CA.
Evaluation of Potential
Impacts of State Highway Structures on Residential Flooding, San
Francisquito Creek, California. Performed extension of FEMA floodplain
models, and statistical review of historic storm precipitation and creek
flow data to determine the hydraulic effect of highway superstructure and
sound walls on the extent and duration of flooding experienced in San Mateo
and Santa Clara county neighborhoods in February 1998. Client: California
Department of Transportation Legal Department, San Francisco, CA .
Expert Witness in
Wrongful Death Suit Regarding Collapse of State Highway into River,
Cuyama River, Santa Barbara County, California. Determined that state
highway contract called for smaller class riprap bank protection than was
specified in the original plans and by state standards. Client: James
McKieran Lawyers, San Luis Obispo, CA.
Channel and Levee Systems - Design and Maintenance
evaluation of irrigation canal breach and subsequent flooding of numerous
residential subdivisions - Fernley, Nevada. Evaluation of
hydraulic impacts of removal of drainage canals from subdivision by property
owners using HEC-RAS channel breach analysis and flood wave propagation
model. Client: Lemons, Grundy & Eisenberg, Reno, Nevada.
Judge Trial Testimony
against County Flood Control District for Lapse of Duty, Solano County,
California. The continued, deliberate non-inclusion of specific reaches of
Sweeney Creek, in rural Solano County, was at issue when the lack of channel
maintenance and sediment removal led to the flooding of numerous homes, on
several occasions. Client: Law Offices of Wanland & Spaulding, Sacramento,
Expert Testimony at
Judge Trial in Regard to City's Rights to Drainage Easement, Atascadero,
California. The City's right to remove residential fences constructed across
a drainage channel and easement was argued. The case resulted in the
resident being required to remove the fences and the city's ability to
enforce keeping the easement clear of any obstructions. Client: Law Firm of
Best Best & Krieger, Sacramento, CA.
Support in the Defense of Mining Operation, Wynoochee River,
Washington. Prepared a HEC-RAS hydraulic model of the Wynoochee River
showing that the gravel mining operation had no net hydraulic effect
contributing to the breakout of a channel levee and the subsequent flooding
of several properties. Client: Firm of Betts, Patterson and Mines,
Seattle,WA. Reference letter available here:
Expert Witness in
Flooding Damages and Inverse Condemnation Case, City of Hayward, Alameda
County, California. Developed a HEC-RAS hydraulic backwater model of County
channel system, City roadway crossings and adjacent State highway sound
walls to determine the hydraulic factors contributing to a levee
overtopping. Client: Law Offices of George W. Nowell, San Francisco, CA.
Reference letter available here:
Testimony in Judge Trial in Defense of Reclamation District's Flood Control
Operations, R.D. 1000, San Joaquin River, San Joaquin County,
California. Case involved the operation and maintenance of levees, sloughs
and pump systems within the Reclamation District. Suit was filed by
agricultural landowners in response to the flooding of their lands during
the Sacramento Valley floods of January 1995 and January 1997. Client: Law
Offices of Melhaff & Hay, Tracy, CA.
Testimony On the Forensics of Sacramento Valley Levee System Failure,
R.D. 2107, San Joaquin River System, California. Acted as hydraulic and
hydrologic engineering expert for Reclamation District responsible for the
operation and maintenance of a series of state levees that failed in January
of 1997. Historic San Joaquin and Stanislaus River flows were characterized
to determine flood flow frequencies and a detailed UNET hydraulic model of
the river system was analyzed for the flood event. Client: Law Offices of
Guichard, Jones and Tarkoff, Sacramento, CA.. Reference letter available
Judge Trial Testimony on
the Source of Flood Waters Occurring at Residential Complex, Santa Rosa,
CA. The source and causes of flooding at an apartment complex was
determined, by the use of hydraulic modeling, as being the result of the
improper design and maintenance of drainage features on an adjacent CalTrans
easement property. Client: Law Offices of Mikel D. Bryan, Santa Rosa, CA.
State Levee Project
Hydraulic Evaluation, Bethel Island, San Joaquin Valley, California. The
hydraulic effects of a state levee rehabilitation and environmental
mitigation project, managed by a municipal irrigation district, were
determined. Client: California Department of Water Resources and the Law
Firm of Lewis, Brisbois, Bisgaard & Smith, San Francisco, CA.
Provided In Determination Of Causes of Flooding Of Mobile Home Park,
City of Hayward, Alameda County, California. Conducted engineering analysis
of hydrology, hydraulics and meteorology leading to the levee overtopping
and flooding of the Spanish Ranch Mobile Home Park during January 9-10, 1995
Northern California flood event. Acted as expert witness regarding the
design vs. existing capacity of the local flood control districts channel
and levee system and the relative frequency of the causative storm and flood
event. Client: Law Firm of Varni, Fraser, Hartwell & Rogers, Hayward, CA.
Support in Determining Causes of Flooding, Newark, California. A number
of parcels of agricultural lands surrounded by tidal levees were being
increasingly flooded over the years. A meteorologic and hydrologic
investigation toward the development of a historical water balance for the
property was conducted to determine the possible causes. Levee overflows and
seepage, rising groundwater levels, historical rainfall records and diverted
runoff patterns were all addressed. Client: Wendel, Rosen, Black & Dean,
Oakland, California and the County of Alameda.
Hydraulic Impacts of a
Construction Site Temporary Channel Crossing Were Evaluated Using HEC-RAS
Computer Model, Deer Creek, St Louis, Missouri. Effects upon upstream
flooding of residential subdivision quantified and height of the temporary
crossing, as it previously existed, was forensically reproduced by hydraulic
model. Client: Evans & Dixon, L.L.C., St. Louis, Missouri.
Provided Testimony to
Jury Regarding Train Trestle's Effect on Winery Flooding, Napa,
California. Developed a HEC-RAS computer model of a series of highway
bridges and train trestle to determine their impacts on the debris blockage
of a creek and the resulting contribution to flood damages. Law Offices of
Ms. Margaret M. Farley, San Rafael, CA.
Jury Verdict available here:
Hydraulic Evaluation of
Wind Waves and Tidal Currents Affecting Oil Spill, Patuxent River,
Maryland. Analysis determining the maximum possible wave heights and total
current velocities that could have occurred surrounding an oil spill into
Swanson's Creek, near the confluence with the Patuxent River channel outlet,
Maryland. Client:Patton Boggs, Washington, DC.
Testimony on the Cause of Failure of Water Supply Pipeline, Stockton
East Water District, California. Developed a hydrologic inflow model to
recreate a historic flood event and a hydraulic pipeline model to evaluate
whether the inflows from this event could have produced a surge in the
pipeline, causing the failure of a section of the pipeline by a water hammer
effect. Client: Law Offices of Mr. Rick Amorose, Sacramento, California.
Hydrologic and Hydraulic
Study of Alluvial Fan Flood Zone, Kern County, California. The drainage
characteristics and hydrographic statistics of an alluvial wash,
demonstrating considerable historic flash flooding, channel avulsion and
braiding, were evaluated in an effort to quantify the potential effects of
upstream channel changes on downstream debris deposition and flooding.
Client: BP Oil and the Law Offices of Caswell, Bell and Hillison, Fresno,
Flash Flood and Debris
Flow From Burnt Watershed Analyzed, Highland, California. The
watershed,on a mountain tributary to the Santa Ana River, burnt the
previous year in a southern California forest fire. The flash flood carried
half again its normal flood volume in debris, washing over a highway bridge
and carrying away a woman. Client: Law Firm of Middlebrook, Kaiser & Popka,
San Bernardino, CA.
Expert Witness for
Liability of City in Flood Damage Litigation, Broadus Creek, City of
Willits, Mendocino County, California. Constructed and presented results of
floodplain hydraulic model to determine the effects of the city's dumping of
fill materials onto a floodplain and the resultant diversion of flood flows
through client's property. Client: Law Offices of William Van Dennis,
Dam and Reservoir Operations - Downstream Flooding
Testified on the
Reservoir Spillway Operations of an Electric Utility Causing An Increase In
Flooding Downstream, Grand Prairie Texas. Detailed hydrologic and
hydraulic models were constructed to forensically re-create the spillway
operations surrounding a flood event and to show how alternative spillway
operation procedures could have reduced downstream flood levels and damages.
Client: Law Offices of Locke, Liddell & Sapp, Dallas, TX. Reference letter
Testified in class action Jury case regarding the hydraulic impacts
of the presence, and operation, of a
series of three water supply reservoirs - Hackensack River, West
Nyack, New York. Excel spreadsheet analysis conducted to forensic ally
re-create the reservoir inflow and outflow hydrographs. HEC-RAS computer
model used to evaluate impacts and alternatives. Client: Kevin T. Mulhearn,
Orangeburg, New York.
Forensic Re-enactment of
Dam Failure Scenarios, Kauai, Hawaii. Developed a model to recreate the
watershed and channel system inflows and outflows from a privately owned
reservoir during a historically wet month, prior to the failure of the dam
that killed seven people. The modeling of different scenarios was conducted
so as to determine if the reservoir overtopping was the result of the
removal of the dam's emergency spillway. Client: State of Hawaii Attorney
Generals Office, Honolulu, HI.
Testimony To Jury on the Professional Standards for Reservoir Release
Decisions and Their Effects on Downstream Flooding, Cowlitz River,
Washington. Developed a model to historically recreate the municipally
owned reservoir system operations and river system flows during a historic
flood event. The modeling of different scenarios indicated that the
reservoir releases were excessive and contributory to downstream flooding.
Client: Walstead, Mertsching, Husemoen, Donaldson & Barlow, Longview, WA.
Overtopping and Embankment Failure - Dutch Fork Dam,Western
Pennsylvania. Previous spillway design failures and rehabilitation
projects evaluated as possible contributors to ultimate dam failure, which
flooded out two downstream West Virginia communities. Client: Law Offices of
Paul J. Harris, Wheeling, WV.
Review of Municipal
Irrigation District Reservoir Operations and Their Impacts on Downstream
Levee Failures, San Joaquin Valley, California. Conducted investigations
related to the hydraulics of the rivers, channels and levees of the San
Joaquin and Tuolumne Rivers, downstream of the New Don Pedro Reservoir.
Levee capacities and design levels of protection through the subject river
reaches were determined, as well as the forensics related to the storm and
flood frequencies associated with the flooding of December 1996 to January
1997. Client: Law Firm of Endeman, Lincoln, Turek & Heater, San Diego, CA.
Provided Testimony To
Jury Regarding Flood Releases From Hydroelectric Dams by State Power
Authority, Santee-Cooper River system, South Carolina. Acted as rebuttal
witness, testifying on behalf of numerous landowner plaintiffs who were
being regularly flooded by the operations of a hydroelectric power plant
operated by the South Carolina Public Service Authority, a.k.a.,
Santee-Cooper Electric. Critically evaluated a Corps of Engineers UNET
computer model prepared by the defendants. Jury verdict resulted in the
largest civil action award to plaintiffs to date, in South Carolina ($60M).
Case was appealed to the US Court of Appeals, which denied the defendant's
motion to transfer the case to the Court of Federal Claims. Client: Law Office of Bell &
Moore, Georgetown, SC. US Court of Appeals decision is available here:
Support to Determine the Effects of Reservoir Releases on Downstream
Flooding During Hurricane Event, Escatawpa River, Mississippi. Created
a model to determine that portion of flood damages attributable to the
opening of spillway gates at a municipally owned reservoir in advance of the
landfall of Hurricane Georges in Jackson County, Mississippi in September
1998. Client: Colingo, Williams, et al, Pascagoula, MS.
Drowning Hydraulics - Channel and River Structures
Hydraulic Modeling of
Canal and Culvert Crossing in Connection With Triple Drowning, Bay City,
Florida. A power plant cooling water discharge channel was analyzed and, a
flow velocity distribution was developed, to indicate whether the roadway
crossing posed a dangerous condition to swimmers. A HEC-RAS computer model
was used for the analysis and deposition testimony was provided, resulting
in the settlement of the case. Client: Law Offices of Beggs & Lane,
Drowning of Father While
Attempting to Save Daughter in the Russian River - Monte Rio Beach,
Sonoma County, California. A HEC-RAS hydraulic model of the reach of river
was developed to identify the effects of upstream bridge piers and tributary
creek inflows on the seasonal sediment storage patterns, forming holes and
mounds in the river bed and, subsequently, identify flow anomalies in that
river reach. Client: Van Blois & Associates, San Francisco, CA.
Re-creation of River
Rapids Hydraulic Conditions Surrounding the Drowning of a Juvenile through
Numerical Modeling, Western Pennsylvania. Velocity profiles of the
river were mapped using the HEC-RAS computer program. Client: Kline &
Specter, 1525, Philadelphia, PA.
Testimony Provided In
Case Of Drowning Of Child In Irrigation Canal, Merced, California.
Deposition testimony provided in regard to public access and public safety
design issues, project signage issues and channel hydraulic factors,
surrounding the drowning death of a toddler who fell into an irrigation
district canal and was sucked into an inverted siphon structure located in
an urban setting. Client: Marderosian, Runyon, Cercone, Lehman & Armo,
Jury Verdict available here:
Irrigation Channel Design in Regard to Drowning of a School Age Child,
Fresno, California. The as-built construction status of a major irrigation
channel and roadway bridge was found to contradict the intended design plans
as they pertained to certain key public safety design features, allowing for
easy access by the victim. Client: Law Offices of Jacques Beugelmans, Los
Testimony Regarding Dam Hydraulics and Signage Blamed for Drowning,
Lynchburg Dam, Lynchburg, Virginia. Testimony on the standard of care in
regard to proper signage near run-of-river dam spillways and the hydraulic
effect below such spillways, also referred to as "drowning machines," was
offered in a case involving the drowning of a teenage girl at the James
River dam site. Client: Caskie & Frost, Lynchburg, VA.
Modeling of Hydraulic
Conditions Surrounding Multiple Drownings, Ohio River, West Virginia.
Investigation involved the two- dimensional modeling of the hydraulic
conditions surroundingthe drowning of two boys who dove from a barge
anchored on the Ohio River. The forensic re-creation of river currents
around, and under, a set of barges was modeled and graphically illustrated.
Client: Hatcher Law Firm, Huntington, WV.
Design Evaluation of
Irrigation Canal Where Drowning Occurred, Merced, California. The
safety standards employed in the design of Irrigation District canal siphons
under roadways was considered, as well as the hydraulics of flow for such
structures, as factors in the drowning of a toddler. Client: Law Firm of
Marderosian, Runyon, Cercone, Lehman & Armo, Fresno, CA.
Testimony Regarding Role of Hydraulic Structure Design in Drowning, Big
Pine, California. The engineering and hydraulic properties of a radial gate
design were investigated as a likely cause for the drowning death of a man
in the Los Angeles Aqueduct. Alternative gate designs having safer hydraulic
properties and posing less risk to nearby swimmers were recommended.
Client: Law Offices of Berglund and Johnson, Woodland Hills, CA.
Hydraulic Evaluation Of
COE River Structure Linked To Drowning, Picayune,Mississippi.
Evaluated the design, and subsequent re-design, of a US Army Corps of
Engineers diversion structure on the Pearl River, between Mississippi and
Louisiana, and it's role in creating dangerous hydraulic conditions leading
to the overturning of a canoe and the occupant's drowning. Client: Law Firm
of Gainsburgh, Bejamin, David, Meunier & Warhauer, New Orleans, LA.
Expert Witness In
Drowning Case for the Hydraulic Review of Weir Structure Safety, Little
Truckee River, Sierra County, California. Reviewed streamflow data and
design and operation of weir structure owned and operated by the USGS and
Bureau of Reclamation. The structure was investigated for determination of
hydraulic design characteristics and range of safe flow releases from
upstream dam and reservoir (Stampede Dam). Client: Firm of Wohl, Tower,
Christian & Perkins, Sacramento, CA.